When we think about our heritage, we might imagine the parts of it that include food, culture and history. However, an important aspect of our heritage that is often overlooked is how we handle our finances.
Money habits are something we observe from our parents, grandparents and those nearest and dearest to us when we are very little. Their relationship, experience and behaviour with money can influence how we view and manage our own finances, and we may inadvertently pick up these engrained ‘historical habits’ – for better or worse.
However, recognising the ‘inherited’ traits that hinder and hold us back financially is key to levelling our country’s economic playing field, which is where financial literacy can assist us in growing into smart, financially-free adults.
Perhaps our parents struggled to make ends meet and found themselves turning to credit to get by. This could lead to us viewing debt as a necessary part of life – not realising that we have the power to take control of our spending and lending.
According to the Financial Services Conduct Authority’s (FSCA) ‘Financial Sector Outlook Study 2022’, more than 50% of South Africa’s credit-active consumers are over-indebted – and this number continues to climb, thanks to the economic toll claimed by the pandemic. The report found that between 2015 – 2020 the number of credit-active consumers with an impairment record fluctuated from 38% to 48%.
It’s never too late to change our behaviour and set ourselves on the path to live a comfortable life. It’s also our responsibility to model sound financial behaviour and instill positive habits in our children, so that they are free to build wealth, and are not plagued by financial difficulty.
Financial literacy will play a key role in helping the South African economy to recover and flourish in the years to come, leaving a fruitful heritage for generations to follow.
Let’s break down some of the important things to consider when it comes to our inherited financial habits – and what we teach our children.
Financial literacy a key factor to growing wealth
Our parents may not have been financially-savvy, but we don’t need to accept this as our lot in life.
Taking control of our money now can make the world of difference to our future financial wellbeing – and that of our children. It is important that we take the time to understand our finances and invest in that which will help safeguard our future, such as insurance and retirement savings.
Make sure you take the time to teach your children basic financial concepts, such as saving, budgeting and credit. Before they can learn good financial habits, they first need to understand the value of money and why it should be handled with care.
Adopting good financial habits
Remember that your children not only listen to what you say, they see what you do. Therefore, if you want them to practice good money habits, you need to set the example.
Let them sit with you when you draw up a simple household budget so that you can teach them the importance of not letting their expenditure exceed their earnings.
Help them to identify the difference between a luxury and a necessity when you go grocery shopping. Also, show them the importance of saving from an early age, through paying them a small allowance, giving them a piggy bank or opening a bank account for them.
Know the difference between good and bad debt
Perhaps our parents were too reliant on credit or occasionally turned to loan sharks to make ends meet. There’s no need for us to perpetuate this legacy.
It is important for us to first understand the difference between good and bad debt, before we can pass this knowledge on to the generations that follow. Good debt has the potential of creating additional income streams or building our wealth, and could include things like investing in a home, starting a business, or spending on a child’s education. Bad debt usually refers to that which depreciates in value, draining your income through steep debt servicing costs.
Bear in mind that whether debt can also be classified as ‘good’ or ‘bad’ is also down to affordability. Yes, a house is an investment, but if you cannot comfortably afford it, it might cause you severe financial stress.
If you find yourself drowning in debt, that it is important to also recognise this and seek help in the form of a qualified debt counsellor, who can help you structure a repayment plan that will allow you to chip away at it in manageable chunks. There is no shame in this and taking ownership and responsibility for debt is also positive behaviour that you will model for your children.
Learning new habits and passing these on to our loved ones will be a key part of changing our country’s collective heritage for the better.
Naledi Totana is a compliance officer at National Debt Advisers.